Golconda Schoolhouse

The location of Golconda was first noted by emigrants for its hot springs during their westward move to California. In 1868, the Central Pacific established the station called Golconda (after an ancient Indian city) as a shipping point for the Gold Run district to the south, which developed two years earlier. A small resort was also opened at the hot springs, but the town remained small until the end of the century.

In 1897, new mining at the Gold Run district (now Adelaide) prompted the growth of Golconda, and the narrow gauge Golconda and Adelaide Railroad was built to connect the mines to the Central Pacific and a 90-ton smelter. The population of Golconda grew to 500, with six hotels and a newspaper. This prosperity didn't last, however, and the mines closed in 1899 leading to the town's decline. They were reopened in the mid-1900s, but by 1910 closed again due to being unprofitable. A 100-ton chemical plant was operated by the Nevada Massachusetts Company from 1939, but it closed by the end of World War II and was dismantled.

Today Golconda is a sleepy little hamlet of around 200. It served as a stop along the Victory Highway and continues to serve as a stop along Interstate 80, although many of the original buildings aren't still around. The Hot Springs Hotel burned in 1961.

Central Pacific Railroad
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